The effects of mindfulness
The benefits of mindfulness meditation have been talked about for centuries, but recently neuroscientists have found evidence that mindfulness meditation helps to:
- preserve the brain’s grey matter — the thinking part of your brain
- grow the parts of the brain associated with learning, thinking, emotional regulation, empathy, compassion and taking perspective
- reduce fear, anxiety and stress
- improve attention, concentration and memory.
Getting started with mindfulness
To start having mindful moments, identify an everyday activity where your thoughts tend to wander into painful memories, ruminating on problems or worrying about the future. It could be brushing your teeth, eating lunch, walking, taking the train — any part of your day.
Next time that happens, try this mindfulness starter:
- Focus on what your senses say to you. What can you see, hear, taste, touch and smell? Don’t analyse or think about it much, just notice what you’re sensing.
- If your attention wanders, that’s okay. Noticing is part of mindfulness. Gently bring your mind back to your senses.
- Thoughts and feelings will come and go while you’re being mindful. Let them. They’re just thoughts. Keep your awareness on your senses, anchoring you in the present moment while everything else drifts harmlessly by.
- Now focus your attention on your breath. Feel the air go in and then go out, noticing the pauses in between. Try not to control or change your breath: instead allow the air to come and go.
- Try this for a couple of minutes or so at first. It’s normal to feel distracted and find it hard, but that can change quickly with practice.
If it’s working for you, let mindfulness spread into other parts of your day. Practise more little moments of mindfulness, when you’re waiting for the kettle to boil or the bus to come. Try it sitting still or moving around, in the morning, last thing at night.
Find the right amount of mindfulness for you — five minutes of really great mindfulness is better than trying to make it happen all the time. And keep practising — it gets easier and more satisfying the more you do it.
If you’re interested, there are courses and apps out there to help you take mindfulness further and increase the benefits.
The limits of mindfulness
Most people can benefit from mindfulness meditation, but in rare cases it can lead to feelings of intense anxiety or dissociation from reality. If doing mindfulness is making you feel worse, stop.
There’s some indication that people prone to symptoms of psychosis should be cautious with intensive mindfulness meditation. If that’s you, speak to your GP, therapist or other health professional for specific advice.